Teleepidemiologiy study interaction between environment, climate and health.
As regards monitoring epidemics, merging health data with environmental and climatic data gathered on the ground or by observation satellites (data on water, air,vegetation and soil) can be used to identify the conditions likely to cause diseases to develop and to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms involved in the spread of disease.
Using space-based techniques in this field is a major step forward in the battle to prevent diseases transmitted through water, the air or carriers (malaria,Rift Valley Fever,yellow fever, dengue...) which cause millions of deaths each year across the world.
The ultimate aim of these projects is to set up early-warning systems to predict epidemics
|AMMA Health||RFV, Malaria|
|AMMA RVF Senegal||RVF||Senegal|
|Vibrio||Vibrios diseases||Mediterranean region|
In the context of climate change and the rapidly increasing population, some epidemics are emerging or re-emerging.
The French Spatial Agency (CNES) has thus developed a concept based on a deterministic approach of the relations climate-environment-health and on an original and really adapted space offer (Lacaux et al., 2007 ; CNES, 2008).
This approach is mainly based upon the study of the key mechanisms and processes linking disciplines : environmental sciences, entomology, ornithology, (...)