Vibrio Diseases and Cholera
Vibrio is a bacteria, which belongs to the gamma subgroup of the Proteobacteria. Some Vibrioo bacteria are associated with diarrheal related diseases and other symptoms.
Species of Vibrio include the ’Vibrio cholerae’, the agent responsible for cholera and ’Vibrio vulnificus’, associated with infections when eating spoiled seafood.
CNES, Pasteur Institute, and other European research institutes, are involved in the Vibrio Sea Project, lying upon in-situ and space data. It is to better understand the vibrio-linked diseases’ mechanisms.
Vibrios are gram-negative, curved, rod-shaped bacteria that are natural inhabitants of the marine environment and estuarine waters. Pathogenic vibrios cause 3 major syndromes of clinical illness : gastroenteritis, wound infections, and septicemia.(read more...)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. cholerae, and V. vulnificus are the principal Vibrio species linked to seafood-borne infections. These bacteria have mainly been associated with ocean climate of temperate regions...(read more...)
Climate change and weather variability pose threats for water-borne diseases.The incidence of Vibrios species depends on the contents of salts and nutrients and on the water temperature...(read more...)
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.(read more...)
Cholera was originally endemic to the Indian subcontinent, with the Ganges River likely serving as a contamination reservoir. During 2004, 101, 383 cases of cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae were reported from all regions of the world.(read more...)