Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. Each year 350-500 million cases of malaria occur worldwide, and over one million people die, most of them young children in sub-Saharan Africa.
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by the parasite called Plasmodia. There are four identified species of this parasite causing human malaria, namely, Plasmodium vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale and P. malariae. It is transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. Infection with P. falciparum, if not promptly treated, may lead to death.
In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.
Symptoms Symptoms of malaria include fever, (...)
70% of the world cases of Paludism are in subtropical Africa.
The saheliane area retained within the framework of ACCIES project is an unstable zone of Paludism (hypoendemic) with :
not of collective immunity
morbidity at any age ; resistance ++ (consommation of anti paludic)).
One can oppose it to the tropical rural regions which are zones of stable Paludism (hyper and holoendemic) with :
infantile morbidity ++
The two zones of study in Africa sahélienne (...)
Malaria is a very old disease and prehistoric man is thought to have suffered from malaria. It probably originated in Africa and accompanied human migration to the Mediterranean shores, India, and South East Asia. In the past it used to be common in the marshy areas around Rome and the name is derived from the Italian, (mal-aria) or "bad air" ; it was also known as Roman fever.
Now, where malaria is found depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, (...)
Malaria in Burkina Faso(read more...)